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Monthly Review #9

A Journey Into the Animal Mind | by Ross Andersen | The Atlantic | March 2019

Through the story of his journey to India, Ross Andersen, discusses the philosophy of the Jaïns known for their non-violent relationship with animals. By taking us to key places of animal sacralization, he explores the ideologies revolving around the refusal to acknowledge an animal consciousness and those that contradict them. As it is in fact on a philosophical level rather than on a scientific one - science has for several years tended to recognize the consciousness of animals - that the issue is at stake. Recognizing animals as spirits rather than bodies may be the answer of greater respect for them and their natural environments.

The Secret History of Women Coding | by Clive Thompson | The New York Times Magazine | February 13, 2019

Mary Allen Wilkes, Betty Snyder, Fran Allen are the names of the women who invented software, debugging or anti-virus. This comprehensive article tells the history of women coders through the evolution of computer culture. First chosen for their logical mind and eagerness to learn new technologies, these pioneers of computer science have been gradually pushed out while computer culture, booming in the 1980’s, was considered in the collective unconscious as an outright male domain. A must-read article that recounts the sexist story of coding.

'Concrete? It's communist': the rise and fall of the utopian socialist material | by Adrian Forty | The Guardian | February 27, 2019

From Soviet five-year plans in the New Deal in the United States and China's Great Leap Forward to post-war construction in Europe, concrete has been the material of choice for revolutionary change. A look back at the height and fall of concrete through the history of political regimes that adopted it.

Plant intelligence | By Nicolas Martin | La Méthode Scientifique, France Culture | January 22, 2018

In this radio show hosted by France Culture, Nicolas Martin welcome Jacques Tassin, a researcher in plant ecology at CIRAD (Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement) and author of the book What do the plants think? (Odile Jacob) as well as Bruno Moulia, research director at INRA (National Institute of Agronomic Research) in Clermont Ferrand. Together, they question how to think of a plant intelligence that would, by nature, be different from ours in almost every respect. Podcast in French.

How design led to overconsumption-and how it can help stop it | by Kesley Campbell-Dollaghan | Fast Company | March 7, 2019

Starting from the very likely assumption that by 2080 the largest sources of minerals will no longer be underground but above in our abandoned electronic objects, Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin, who run the Formafantasma studio, have spent the last few years thinking about the role of design in the production of more and more objects and waste. Their research has led to Ore Streams, currently on view at Broken Nature, the XXIIe Triennale di Milano that raises awareness on the current state of e-waste management through a series of videos, visualizations and physical objects.

— Reference Tool of the Month | Images of change by NASA (The National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

NASA's Images of Change gallery presents images from different parts of the planet Earth, showing changes over time, from centuries to days. Some of these effects are related to climate change, others are not. Some document the effects of urbanization or the devastation caused by natural hazards such as fires and floods. An essential visual diary on the state of evolution of our planet Earth.